Thyagaraja Temple of Shiva East Mada Street, Panagal Road,, Tiruvarur-610001

It is one of the Paadal Petra Sthalam. The temple has the largest chariot in Tamil Nadu .The Lingam is Suyambu and the abhishekam will be done to the Maragatha Linga (Precious Emerald Linga) called as "Vidhi Vidanga Peruman" and then will be locked.

Temple Etiquette

  • Footwear not allowed inside

    Footwear not allowed inside
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    Footwear to be left outside the temple. In summer be careful of the hot paving stones.

  • Prasad and donation

    Prasad and donation
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    Use your right hand to accept prasad and give donations. The left hand is considered unclean in India.

  • Dress conservatively

    Dress conservatively
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    Avoid shorts, skirts, tanktops and do not expose legs.

  • Restricted entry

    Restricted entry
    ---------------------
    Entry is normally restricted to temple priests in the sanctum sanctorum. Some temples restrict the entry of non-Hindus

  • Avoid cellphones

    Avoid cellphones
    ---------------------
    Use of cell phones is restricted normally. Photography is restricted in some temples.

  • Circumambulation or pradakshina

    Circumambulation or pradakshina
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    Devotees are to walk around the sanctum sanctorum in a clockwise direction


About Thyagaraja Temple

Thyagarajar (King of God) temple is a wonderful & famous temple in Tamil Nadu.

The historic name of Thiruvarur was Aaroor (Arur) and it finds mention in the 7th century saiva canonical work, Tevaram.The term Thiru is added to all temple cities that are mostly revered by the verses of Tevaram, which is the case of Arur becoming Thiruvarur. Another name of Thiruvarur is Kamalayaksetra, meaning the "holy place that is an abode of lotuses"; the town is also referred so due to the presence of the Kamalayayam tank and the temple deity, Kamalambigai. 

The temple complex covers 30 acres which  is one of the largest in India. It houses four gateway towers known as gopurams. The tallest is the eastern tower with four stories and a height of 30 metres (98 ft). The temple has numerous shrines, with those of Thyagaragar (Veethi Vidangar) and Neelothbalambal (Alliyankothai) being the most prominent.

An inscripition which was dated in the 20th year of the Rajendra I (1012–1044)   beginning with the introduction "Tirumanni valara" is found on the north and west walls of the Thyagaraja shrine.There is a list of gifts including a number of the jewels and lamps to the Lord  Vidividanka Devar(Thygarajar).

The temple was built in stone in the regional years of the King by Anukkiyar Paravai Nangaiyar. The temple complex seems to have acted as the cultural model for the Big Brahadeeswarar Temple at Thanjavur of Rajaraja Chola I, wherein he enshrined a Vitankar which shared with the Atalvallan of Chidambaram the status of state cult. The last Chola monarch to play an important role in the affairs of the temple was Kulothunga Chola III in the early part of the 13th century A.D. It attracted saivaites of all schools and was important centre of Golaki matha in the 13th and 14th century.  

The temple complex has  a numerous shrines and mandapas (Halls) in the three spacious enclosures.The two main shrines of the temple are for Sri Vanmikinathar (Lord Shiva) and Sri Thyagarajar. Of the two, the former is the most ancient, and derives its name from tea anthill(putru), which takes the place of Linga in the main shrine.

All the 9 Navagrahams located towards south in straight line also located in northwest corner of 1st (prakaram).

The other shrines in this temple are  Sri Aananthiswarar, Sri Neelothmbal, Sri Asaleswarar, Sri Adageswarar, Sri Varuneswarar, Sri Annamalieswarar and Sri Kamalambal.

The temple has a lot of halls, with six of them being the most prominent. Bhaktha Katchi hall is located to the left of the image of Moosukuntha Nandi. The festival image of Thyagaraja arrives at this hall after the Panguni Uthiram festival. Oonjal hall is located opposite to the Kabatha Katchi hall. The festival images of Chandrasekarar and Sekari Amman arrive at this hall during the Thiruvadhirai festival. Oonjal hall is located opposite to the Kabatha Katchi hall. The festival images of Chandrasekarar and Sekari Amman arrive at this hall during the Thiruvadhirai festival. Thulapara hall is named after the legend in which King Mucundaka placed Thyagaraja image of Thiruvarur in one and all others in another plate he received from Indra (the King of celestial deities). Purana hall is located in the northern part of the temple. Rajanarayana hall is a public hall for localities of Thiruvaru. 

The temple is famous for the ajapa thanam that is executed by the deity itself. According to the legends,a Chola king named Mucukunta obtained a boon from Indra(a celestial deity) and wished to receive an image of Thyagaraja Swamy reposing on the chest of the reclining Lord Vishnu. God Indra tried  to misguide the King and had six other images made, but the king chose the right image at Tiruvarur. The other six images were installed in Thirukkuvalai, Nagapattinam, Tirukarayil, Tirukolili, Thirukkuvalai and Tirumaraikadu. 

The annual chariot festival of the Thygarajaswamy temple is celebrated during April – May, correspondong to the Tamil month of Chitrai. The chariot is the largest of its kind in Asia and India weighing 300 tonne with a height of 90 feet. The chariot comes around the four main streets surrounding the temple during the festival.

The temple is huge in size and importance, with 9 Rajagopuras, 80 Vimanas,13 mandaps, 15 wells of Theertha importance,3 prakaras, 365 Shiva Lingas representing the days of the year, shrines numbering above 100, 86 Vinayaka idols and temples within the temple numbering above 24. Those worshipping the Face Darshan of Lod Thiagaraja in Tiruvarur are advised to have His Feet darshan (Pada darshan) in Vilamal, 3 km far from this place.

Thiruvarur is home to Trinity of Carnatic music, namely Thyagaraja (1767–1847 CE), Muthuswami Dikshitar (1775–1835 CE) and Shyama Shastri (1762–1827 CE). Muthuswami Dikshitar has sung eulogies of the temple deities of the Thyagarajaswami temple.

Temple Vidangar Temple Dance pose Meaning Tiruvarur Thyagarajar Temple Vidhividangar Ajabathaanam Dance without chanting, resembling the dance of
Sri Thyagaraja resting on Lord Vishnu's chest Dharbaranyeswarar Temple Nagaradangar Unmathanathaanam Dance of an intoxicated person Kayarohanaswamy Temple Sundaravidangar Vilathithaanam Dancing like waves of sea Kannayariamudayar Temple Adhividangar Kukunathaanam Dancing like a cock Brahmapureeswarar Temple Avanividangar Brunganathaanam Dancing like a bee that hovers over a flower Vaimoornaathar Temple Nallavidangar Kamalanaanathaanam Dance like lotus that moves in a breeze Vedaranyeswarar Temple Bhuvanivividangar Hamsapthanathaanam Dancing with the gait of a swan

 

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