Padmanabha Swamy Temple of Maha Vishnu in the form of Vishnu East Nada, East Fort, Kallar, Trivandrum-695023

Out of the 108 divyadesams,it lies in the 85th place. His idol (Tirumeni) is made of 12 thousand Salagrama stones measuring 12 feet long in reclining posture. The Moolavar, Anantha Padmanabhar who is found in Kidantha (Palli Kondulla) kolam is said to be one of the speciality of this sthalam. A Shiva Lingam is found close to the Thirumugham of the Moolavar, which explains to the world that both Hari and Haran are not two different and separate Gods, but they are a Single and should be worshipped as one.

Temple Etiquette

  • Footwear not allowed inside

    Footwear not allowed inside
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    Footwear to be left outside the temple. In summer be careful of the hot paving stones.

  • Prasad and donation

    Prasad and donation
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    Use your right hand to accept prasad and give donations. The left hand is considered unclean in India.

  • Dress conservatively

    Dress conservatively
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    Avoid shorts, skirts, tanktops and do not expose legs.

  • Restricted entry

    Restricted entry
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    Entry is normally restricted to temple priests in the sanctum sanctorum. Some temples restrict the entry of non-Hindus

  • Avoid cellphones

    Avoid cellphones
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    Use of cell phones is restricted normally. Photography is restricted in some temples.

  • Circumambulation or pradakshina

    Circumambulation or pradakshina
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    Devotees are to walk around the sanctum sanctorum in a clockwise direction

  • Special dress code

    Special dress code
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    In some temples especially in Kerala, men should wear Dhotis/Mundu (a piece of cloth like the sarong) and remove shirts/t-shirts. Women should wear Indian clothing.


About Padmanabha Swamy Temple

Sri Padmanabaswamy Temple is a very famous Hindu Temple in Kerala, India.

The history of Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple dates back to 8th century.  The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Vishnu, reclining on Anantha, the divine serpent.

Marthanda Varma, the noted among Travancore kings,  did a major renovation to the temple and it resulted in the present day structure of the Sree Padmanabhaswamy temple. It was Marthanda Varma who introduced the Murajapam and Bhadra Deepam festivals in the temple. Murajapam, which literally means continuous chanting of prayers, is still conducted in the temple once in six years.

In 1750, Marthanda Varma dedicated the kingdom of Travancore to Lord Padmanabha. Marthanda Varma vowed that, the royal family will rule the state on behalf of Lord and he and his descendants would serve the kingdom as Padmanabha Dasa or the servant of Lord Padmanabha.  Since then,  the name of every Travancore king was preceded by the title Padmanabha Dasa.  The donation of the kingdom of Travancore to Padmanabhaswamy was known as Thripadidanam.

The current head of the Travancore royal family is Uthradam Thirunal Marthanda Varma.  Vilvamangalathu Swamiyar, residing near Ananthapuram temple, Kasargod,  prayed to Lord Vishnu for his darshan. The Lord came in disguise as a small, mischievous boy. The boy defiled the Saligrama which was kept for pooja. The sage became enraged at this and chased away the boy. The boy disappeared. After a long search, when he was walking on the banks of Arabian Sea, he heard a pulaya lady threatening her child that she would throw him in Ananthankadu.  The moment the swami(Sage) heard the word Ananthankadu, he was delighted.  He proceeded to Ananthankadu based on the directions of the lady from whom he inquired.  The sage reached Ananthankadu searching for the boy. There he saw the boy merging into an Iluppa tree (Indian Butter Tree). The tree fell down and became Anantha Sayana Moorti (Vishnu reclining on Anantha). But the Lord was of an extraordinarily large size with head at Thiruvallom, navel at Thiruvanananthapuram and lotus-feet at Thrippadapuram (Thrippappur). The sage requested the Lord to shrink to a smaller proportion – thrice the length of his staff.  Immediately, the Lord shrank.  But even then many Iluppa trees obstructed a complete vision of the Lord. The Sage saw the Lord in three parts – Thirumukham, Thiruvudal and Thrippadam. Swami prayed to Lord Padmanabha to forgive him . The sage offered Rice Kanji and Uppumanga (salted mango pieces) in a coconut shell to the Lord, which he obtained from the pulaya woman. The spot where the sage had darshan of the Lord,  belonged to Koopakkara Potti and Karuva Potti. With the assistance of the reigning king and some Brahman households,  a temple was constructed.  Koopakkara Potti was made the tantri of the temple.

Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala takes its name from the presiding deity of the Sree Padmanabha Swamy temple, who is also known as Anantha (one who reclines on the Serpent Ananatha). The word 'Thiruvananthapuram' literally means - the Land of Sree Anantha Padmanabhaswamy.  Sree Padmanabhaswamy temple as per belief is located at a place that is considered as one of the seven Parasurama kshetras. The temple architecture stands out for its work in stone and bronze.

Only Hindus are permitted inside the temple.There is a strict dress code that needs to be followed while entering the temple. Men need to wear mundu or dhoti (worn around the waist and going down up to the heels) and should not wear shirts of any kind. Women need to wear sari, mundum neriyathum (set-mundu), skirt and blouse, or half sari. Here are also shrines for Rama accompanied by Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman, Vishwaksena (the Nirmalyadhari of Vishnu and temover of obstacles), Vyasa, Ganapati, Sasta and Kshetrabala (who guards the temple). Grand idols of Garuda and Hanuman stand with folded hands in the Valiya balikkal area. The Thevara idols of Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma and Uthradam Thirunal Marthanda Varma are housed in the south east part of the Temple. 

Architectural Specialty of Padmanabaswamy Temple

On 20th or 21st March the sun goes down along the middle portion of Gopuram of Sree Padmanabha Swamy Temple on equinox

Sree Padmanabha Swamy temple is so well constructed that on Equinox sun passes exactly through the middle of Gopuram passing through all the doors. An engineering marvel indeed !! An Equinox is an astronomical event that happens twice, once in spring and once in autumn, each year when the tilt of the Earth’s axis is inclined neither away from nor towards the Sun. During Equinoxes the tilt of the Earth (with respect to the Sun) is 0° and because of it duration of the day and the night are almost equal on Equinox day i.e. 12 hours. Equinoxes occur on 20th or 21st March and 22nd or 23rd September each year and both days has equal length of the day and the night.

Places

Shanghumugha Beach

Shangumugham Beach Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

White sand, serene atmosphere and cool breeze make this place a perfect location for rejuvenating oneself.

Veli Lake

Veli Lake and Tourist Village Veli Sanghumugham Rd, Veli Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

Aakkulam Lake

Aakulam lake Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

Poovar Island

Poovar Island Kerela, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

A wonderful Scenic Beach in a small Island

Valiyathura Pier

Valiathura Sea Port Valiyathura Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695008, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

A 214 meter long pier situated in the Valiathura port offers a mesmerising view of the sea and the coast. This pier that was one upon a time a bustling port used to bring in goods to Trivandrum is now a quaint lonely spot often enjoyed by tourists. One can witness the skills of the fishermen when they fling their fish nets in the water from the pier and sits for hours to get the best fishes from the backwaters. Visit the place just to spend some moments of peace or capture some great photographs of the gorgeous location.

Samudra Beach

Kovalam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, , Kovalam, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

Samudra Beach in the Northern part of Kovalam is particularly famous for retaining its original charm.An awesome sight to watch the waves crash on the rocks below, as you walk along the stretch of the sea wall here.

Kovalam Beach

Lighthouse Beach Kovalam Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695527, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

Kovalam is a beach town by the Arabian Sea in Thiruvananthapuram city.Kovalam means a grove of coconut trees and true to its name the village offers an endless sight of coconut trees.

Zoological Garden

Zoological Garden Thiruvananthapuram Kerela, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

Thiruvananthapuram Zoo is one of the oldest of its kind in India.The Thiruvananthapuram Zoo is home to 82 species from around the world.

Puthe Maliga Palace Museum

Puthe Maliga Palace Museum West Nada, Trivandrum, Kerala, 695033, , Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

This awe-inspiring architectural wonder never fails to dazzle its onlookers. The rich art and technique displayed in this building is a result of the relentless toil of as many as 5000 labourers for a period of 5 years. The museum boasts of a grandiose collection of royal artefacts. Be it paintings, exquisite collections of the royal family, its marble sculptures or the imported Belgian glass, the museum is definitely a sight to behold.

Natural History Museum

Natural History Museum, Museum Road, Trivandrum, Kerala, 695033,, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

This museum is of interest especially to anthropologists and biologists. It started as a personal collection of General Cullen from minerals to books, which he presented to the museum for public viewing. The rich collection of ethnographic items, remains of birds and animals, minerals and rare books is a major draw for visitors. The very distinctive and popular Ethnology Gallery is a lesson in the various races and evolution of mankind. In short, the museum has been a centre of curiosity for art and science enthusiasts since its origins in 1855.

Pattom Palace

Kerala Public Service Commission, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695004, , Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

It is located near Kerala Public Service Commission Office.

SMSM Institute

SMSM Institute Punnen Rd, Palayam Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala , Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

From tiny, intricate carvings in rosewood, sandalwood, white wood and country wood to gigantic statues of various Indian Gods and Goddesses in metal, you will find some really exquisite art pieces here.

Legislative Museum

Legislative Museum Kariavattom Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

Priyadharshini Planetarium

Priyadarshini Planetarium Rd, PMG Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695033, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

Projecting the whole universe, Priyadarshini Planetarium has mastered itself in stimulating the star-studded sky be it any location or day. It can even go 12,500 years back or into the future to further the activity of the sky. Housing the GM-11 Star Field Projector, this Planetarium arranges special shows for its visitors.

Napier Museum

Napier Museum LMS Vellayambalam Road, Opposite PWD Building, Palayam Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695033, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

The Napier Museum is an art and natural history museum situated in Thiruvananthapuram.

Shri Chitra Art Gallery

Sri Chitra Art Galley Sooryakanthi Rd Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

Sree Chitra Art Gallery is a perfect example of the fusion of Indian and contemporary art. The beautiful pictures telling age-old histories, idols made of wood, metal and ivory. Works of several prominent artists like Raja Ravi Verma, Rabindranath Tagore, Nicholas Roerich are featured in this gallery. Apart from these, paintings from China, Japan, Bali and Tibet are also on display here. Another attraction of the art gallery is the section on Indian mural paintings ranging from pre-historic times to the 18th century AD.

Kanaka Kunna Palace

Kanakakunnu Palace Sooryakanthi Rd Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

The Kanakakunnu Palace was constructed during the time of the Travancore King. This magnificent palace is one of the last architectural vestiges of the colonial era. The Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) has listed this place as a heritage monument. The palace and it's sprawling grounds are now used as venues for many cultural meets and programmes.

banana And jack Fruit Chips

Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

Banana chips are deep-fried or dried slices of bananas (fruits of herbaceous plants of the genus Musa of the soft, sweet "dessert banana" variety). They can be covered with sugar or honey and have a sweet taste, or they can be fried in oil and spices and have a salty and/or spicy taste.

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Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Lion Safari Park Thiruvananthapuram Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram (Dist), Kerala

The Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary of which the dam is a part is the habitat of over a hundred species of fauna including Asian Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Slender Loris and reptiles like King Cobra, Travancore Tortoise, etc. A crocodile breeding centre and a lion safari park are also located in the dam site.

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