Dhenupureeswarar Temple of Shiva Temple Road, Patteswaram, Kumbakonam-612703

This temple is one of the oldest temples in Kumbakonam. This temple is generally known as "Sri Durga Temple". The statue of Durga is large here.

Temple Etiquette

  • Footwear not allowed inside

    Footwear not allowed inside
    Footwear to be left outside the temple. In summer be careful of the hot paving stones.

  • Prasad and donation

    Prasad and donation
    Use your right hand to accept prasad and give donations. The left hand is considered unclean in India.

  • Dress conservatively

    Dress conservatively
    Avoid shorts, skirts, tanktops and do not expose legs.

  • Restricted entry

    Restricted entry
    Entry is normally restricted to temple priests in the sanctum sanctorum. Some temples restrict the entry of non-Hindus

  • Avoid cellphones

    Avoid cellphones
    Use of cell phones is restricted normally. Photography is restricted in some temples.

  • Circumambulation or pradakshina

    Circumambulation or pradakshina
    Devotees are to walk around the sanctum sanctorum in a clockwise direction

About Dhenupureeswarar Temple

This temple is a famous temple in Tamil Nadu. The story of the temple is linked to that of the shaivite child saint Tirugnana Sambandar.

Tirugnana Sambandar, the child saint came to Thirusattimutram to worship Shiva. On the way to a place called Patteeswaram, he felt faint with heat exhaustion. The Solar movement towards the Mituna star caused the oppressive heat and being a child, he could not manage the heat. Seeing this, lord Shiva sent his bhoodaganas (servants) to decorate the streets with a beautiful Muthupandal (ceiling made of pearls). The bhoodaganas prepared the pandal (ceiling) without Sambandar's knowledge.Sambandar was pleasantly taken aback by the treatment received .

The story goes on to say that lord Shiva also asked his vehicle Nandi to move a little so he could see the Child Gnanasambandar coming to have his darshan. In order to enable Sambandar have a view of the sanctum sanctorum from outside, Shiva ordered Nandi to shift position. The 3 Nandi statues in this temple can be seen in different positions. Normally, Nandi statues in Shiva temples are placed directly opposite the idol. In this temple, the main Nandi statues is placed towards the left side and the second Nandi is also placed towards the left. The third Nandi which is in the sanctum sanctorum is placed to the right.One can thus see the sanctum sanctorum from the entrance itself without any obstacle. The Lord is revered by the hymns of Tirugnana Sambandar.

The name Patteeswaram was derived from the daughter of the divine cow Kamadenu, Patti who worshipped the lord here. It is also said that Sri Rama was relieved of his Sayagathi dosha (sin) for killing Vali without cause, here. Sage Vishvamitra was said to have,in the company of brahma rishis, recited the Gayatri Mahamantra in this place. Markandeya Maharishi worshipped here. All the Navagrahas here face the sun. They are positioned as per the "Aagama" tradition. 

The shrine of Durga Devi is very popular here. Unlike in other temples, the Durga here has a benign countenance (Shanta Swarupi). Standing on her lion, placing her feet on the head of the demon Mahishasura, the Goddess appears in a Tribanga form - eight hands, three eyes and jewels in the ears. Generally, the Lion carrying Devi looks to the right side. However Shanta Swarupi Durga’s lion here faces the left. In her hands, the Goddess holds a conch, a wheel,a bow, an arrow, a sword, a shield and a parrot. The Goddess in this temple is called as Sri Gnanambiga. The statues of Vinayak and Muruga are big and the artwork is of high quality.


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